Coup d'etat accomplished in Iran? - Why Hassan Khomeini had to be excluded from the elections to the Guardian Council. On 9 December 2015, Hassan Khomeini announced that he will enter into politics and will run for the Assembly of Experts in the 2016 election - the body that will vote for the next leader. His nomination was rejected by the Guardian Council on 10. February 2016. - Some experts in matters of the Iranian establishment and their ideology have lost hope into any change for the better in Iran. Instead they narrate the grave consequences behind the decision not to admit the grandson of the founding figure of the Islamic Republic Iran for the country and the region.

One of Ayatollah Khomeinis grandsons, Hassan Khomeini, a lecturer from Qom, was regarded by the faction of the pragmatical thinkers of the regime as their trump card for the future of a non-revolutionary peacefull Iran. But the pre-selection of the candidates for the election to the Assembly of the Experts (Majles Khobregan) seems to have been biased and extremist members of the Guardian Council (Shorâie Negahban) have excluded the shining light of those who hoped for a change to the better in Iran. The forces behind the faction of Akbar Hashemi Rafsandschani were not allowed to play their ace in the hole. How did it come about and why is it relevant? Who are the pragmatists and who are the extremists?

Irans power bodies

Iran has always been a mosaic of cultures, religions and ethnic descent and has seen a huge scope of political interests. Diversity is a recurrent theme in Iran and brutal efforts to unite reluctant groups, too. The current system in Iran is batteling for the future course. Two antagonistic forces inside the establishment try to determine the course of the state since the beginning of the revolution. Ayatollah Khomeini was the first Supreme Leader of the country. His face and his name became a symbol of hope for people in Iran and the region who felt US imperialistic interests in their region should stop. But some years after the revolution the name of Khomeini is being associated with bloodshed, violence and injustice by many exiled Iranians and western observers.

Khomeini had created an Islamic system based on some republican elements and called the country Islamic Republic of Iran. On top he placed the position of a Supreme Leader, a person who is the representative of the Hidden Imam in the time of his occultation and should have an exceeding theological qualification. The Supreme Leader is surrounded by two power bodies, which play an important role in Irans power scheme. The Council of the Guardians of the Constitution (Shorâie Negahban) and the Assembly of the Experts (Majles Khobregan). Members of the Assembly of the Experts are being elected by the population but there is a pre-selection of candidates by members of the Guardian Council. This Guardian Council[1] consists of 6 members who are experts in Islamic law (faqihs) and 6 members who are religious authorities. The religious authorities are being appointent by the Supreme Leader. The faqihs are appointent by the head of the judiciary system (currently Sadegh Laridjani).

The Assembly of the Experts of the leadership appoints the Supreme Leader or could remove him. The 88 members are all Islamic theologians (Mujtahids) and should have top level qualifcations. The current chairman is Mohammad Yazdi, a theologian from Qom.

Hassan Khomeini excluded

The best known members of the Guardian Assembly are three clerics: Mohammad Yazdi, Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi and the current head of the Assembly Ahmad Jannati. All of them are members of the Assembly of the Experts of the leadership also. They are well known for their hardline positions and their support of Khomeinis replacer as Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei who has a quite poor theological qualification. Shahroudi was born in Irak and didn't have a stong affiliation to Ayatollah Khomeini but he gained power when Khamenei was appointed Supreme Leader. Shahroudi was Khameneis teacher in Fiqr, islamic right. Khameneis views are based on Shahroudis interpretations of islamic right.

As we mentioned before members of the Guardian Council pre-select the candidates for the election to the Assembly of the Experts. On February 26st a new round of elections to this body will be held. As in the years before thousands of applicants have been rejected in a pre-selection by the Guardian Council. The interesting point about these rejections is that they seem to focus on persons who rather tend to have reformist thoughts and are not from Khameneis camp and do not agree with hardline and armaggedonist positions.

Some interesting details concerning the rejection of Hassan Khomeini have been published by the news media Parsine. Nejatollah Ebrahimian, a lawyer and the Spokesman of the Guardian Council, confessed in a press conference that he did not receive any information during the session of deliberation as he and the other jurists did not attend in those decision taking gatherings. He precised that normally the decisions should be taken during the session of the 6 clerics. But the most important decisisons where taken by only one person. Mohammad Yazdi and Ahmad Jannati where not informed, this means that Mahmoud Shahroudi must have taken the decision. According to Parsine, Shahroudi deleted the name of Hassan Khomeini from the list. According to the offical version the reason for disqualifying Hassan Khomeini is there: the authorities claim to have read all books and treaties of Hassan Khomeini and have listened to all of his verbal teachings, which let them conclude that his level of Ijtehad is not enough developed to take good decisions in the absence of Khamenei (Council of Experts should take decisions in his absence) and that he can not distinguish the best qualities of the replacer of Khamenei.

Some people think Hassan Khomeini was rejected because he did not participate in an exam that was required for being accepted, but Rafsandjani had received the authorisation of Ijtehad from Ayatollahs like Khorasani, Ardebili, Amoli and other important Ayatollahs in order to improve Hassan Khomeinis position for the election to the Shoraje Negahban (Assembly of Experts).

Parsine quotes Mohsen Bayat, son of Ayatollah Bayat Zanjani (Qom independent religious authority) in their article: "The exam was not important, this decision was taken before the exam. He would have been rejected anyway with or without exam."

Officially they rejected him not because he didn't participate in the exam, but because they think he is not able to distinguish the exact qualities of the coming leader of the Islamic Republic.

The Parsine article continues: "Rafsandjani invited Hassan Khomeini to bring the flag of his grandfather against Mahmoud Shahroudi who is supported by Khamenei and wants to eradicate all adversaries and all differing views on the system."

Recently Hassan Khomeini visited Mohammad Yazdi in his office, some hardline newspapers like Jahan News[2], Tasmeen[3] and Naseem[4] reported, to learn from the mouth of the cleric why he had not been admitted to the elections. The newspaper claimed Yazdi repeated the issue with the lack of qualification and judgement in matters of electing a new leader of Hassan Khomeini, when the latter started to cry. But Hassan Khomeini immediately rejected that he had been crying via his Telegram account and he released Yazdis confession that it had not been him who had rejected Hassan Khomeinis canditature. Another hint that leads to the conclusion that it was Shahroudi who had taken the decision and he was acting in concordance with Khameneis line.

Rafsandjani versus Khamenei

This decision is a slap in the face of those who had hoped for a deep change of behaviour of the system in Iran. When Ayatollah Khomeini passed away 1989 no candidate seemed to fit for his succession. Khamenei did not have sufficient theological qualifications but was proposed to the Assembly of the Experts by Akbar Hashemi Rafsandjani and was finally elected by the body to take up the position of the Supreme Leader.

Already in the time of Ayatollah Khomeini various political streams positioned themselves in different corners of the establishment. One stream was the stream of revolutionary persons who created and followed an ideology of the perennial revolution in order to change the whole world and prepare the ground for the return of the Hidden Imam[5] by causing chaos and bloodshed in order to hasten his return. These revolutionaries were not interested in economy or development of the society as for them the goal was to destroy the world in order to achieve a new beginning of the cilization with new paradigms.

Another faction culminated in the work and thoughts of a close person to Khomeini: Akbar Hashemi Rafsandjani. He was a pragmatist and still is nowadays. His approach was similar to the approach of Ayatollah Khomeini. They opposed the western countries and especially the USA as colonialistic and imperialistic force and were ready to stand up in front of these tendencies of exploitation of the countries of the third world. To the stream of Rafsandjani we can count persons like ex-president Khatami, present president Rohani and his Foreign Affairs minister Zarif and the candidate that Rafsandjani would have liked to support: Hassan Khomeini.

The aim of Rafsandjani and the likes to accomplish the nuclear deal with the world powers was to normalise the relationship with the USA and to be pragmatical in the light of a changed policy of the US government and not to act like the revolutionary faction and rest ideological and be full of everlasting hate. Khamenei and his army of hardliners in different bodies of the system like Mahmoud Shahroudi, the person who excluded Hassan Khomeini from the election, Hossein Taeb, head of Ammaryioun, Ahmad Jannati, head of the Guardian Council and one of the friday prayer leaders or Hossein Shariatmadary, publisher of hardline daily Kayhan, are ideologists who would like to continue the perennial revolution and hasten the moment of apparition of the Hidden Imam.

The secret behind the rejection of Hassan Khomeini

Let's see why this decision is important and what would have happened if Hassan Khomeini would have been a member of the Assembly of Experts. We learn that the reason for his rejection is being taken after an evaluation of the content of his works and the impression that he might not be capable to decide on the future leader. What is the particularity of his work? The secret is that Hassan is dedicated to Tasawuf va Erfan (Sufism and Mysticism). Hassan Khomeini is a teacher in the religious schools in Qom. He often talks and teaches about Saadi, Hafis, Rumi, all of them well known mystics and creators of beautiful Sufi poetry. A few years ago he met with the master of the biggest Sufi order in Iran (Dr. Ali Tabandeh from the Shah Nematollah Gonabadi Order). When the Hosseinye of Gonabadi Order in Qom was no yet destroyed[6] he frequented the place and participated in their ceremonies.

This has been closely and critically observed by some hardline institutions. One of the most connected institutes to the Supreme Leader which educates high rank members of the Revolutionary Guards in ideology is named the Institute for Religions and Denominations (Moasseseyeh feraq va adyan)[7]. The members of this institute are very influencial and they have been publishing books and launching campaigns against Sufi-Dervishes over years.

Part of this ideological fervour is Mahmoud Shahroudi who is of Irakian origin. His Farsi doesn't seem to be fluent. His knowledge of Islam seems to be based on the Revayat of Shiism. For Shahroudi Shiism is the best religion and world view thus the world should be ruled under the ideology of Velayat-e Faghi and Shiism. He seems to have good knowledge about Feqr and shiite jurisprudence. He absolutely rejects Sufism and Mysticism. He would like to clean the world of Shiism from any trace of Sufism and Mysticism.

During the lifetime of Ayatollah Khomeini he was not an important person, but after the death of Khomeini and his replacement by Khamenei he gained momentum. Ali Khamenei didn't have knowledge and was given private lessons by Shahroudi in Feqr and Shiit jurisprudence. Thus Shahroudi became an important person. He was an enemy of Rafsandjani and the close students of Ayatollah Khomeini. 1989 (1368 Persian calendar) a hidden confrontation between Rafsandjani and Shahroudi started.

Why is this hate against Sufism in the hearts of diverse hardliners?

In the depth of Sufism there is a seed which strives for global peace. The real aim of the religious authorities who foster an own interpretation of the shiite ideology, is to prepare the ground of the apparition of the last Saviour (Mehdi) who is coming to fight the big war, destroy the complete civilization and create a new model of civilisation. As their aims are antagonistic to the Sufis aims they hate Sufism. These are opposite and anatgonistic world visions which can not go together which each other.

The ultimate point of the coup d'etat to remove the heritage of Ayatollah Khomeini is finalized

Rafsandjani is a pragmatist Mullah. His way of thinking nowadays could be summarized: "It is the best moment for making the deal of friendship with America and all of the historic enemies of the Islamic Republic" Khamenei has an opposing view. It could be expressed like this: "We cannot be friend with America but must get rid of the system of the US." Hassan Khomeini's case is connected to the world vision of the armaggedonist clique.

We can finally conclude that those who brought Ahmadinejad into presidency are still there and continue their coup d'etat against the heritage of the founder of the system, Ayatollah Khomeini. Khomeini was against the policy of supremacy of the US, against the coup d'etat against Mossadegh, Khomeini was not an armaggedonist. In the seed of the teachings of Khomeini there was a seed to be in friendship with the world.

Khamenei's position is ideological, Khomeini's opposition was practical in front of a supreme and arrogant power, but now Rafsandjani stresses that it is time to make friendship with the US as the policy changed, he considers that it is time to re-open an embassy in the US and normalise the relations.

Pasdaran, Ammariyon, Bassidji, Shahroudi, Khamenei seek the support of Russia, India, China and would like to confront the western countries. They claim that Rafsandjani doesn't have an ideological view, he is pragmatical. They prefer to have a revolutionary person to lead the country. Hassan Khomeini has not a revolutionary vision, because it is based on peace and not on war, they prefer a warrior and revolutionary figure.

The election and what is happening behind the scene is very important. War might be extended into the whole region like to Saudi Arabia, Jordany. The hardliners want to get rid of the Arab leaders and meanwhile prepare the ground for their militarization of the country. Iran might become a totally militarized country.

The reformists in Iran needed a symbolic face and thought the grandson of the founder of the system, Hassan Khomeini, would be suitable, but now it looks as if they don't have this person. Hassan has no more chance to take a governmental post. No hope for Iran. No place for pragmatical people. Khamenei already blocked and ousted Mehdi Karoubi and Mir-Hossein Mousavi and now Hassan Khomeini. The probability of an enormous military confrontation between Iran and its neighbours is rapidly increasing.

Ayatollah Khomeini and the merchants of destruction

From the very first moment of the revolution and the time of Ayatollah Khomeini in Iran in 1979 two antagonistic forces battled against each other inside the elite of the establishment. Now it seems to be time for a showdown. Ruhollah Mussavi Khomeini became the Supreme Leader just after his referendum where he asked people if they either wanted an Islamic country or not. He created the so-called Islamic Republic. Although he was the Supreme Leader he had no real control of the country. But in general each atrocity of that time is being attributed to him. Nevertheless there are scholars who have known Khomeini personally and have studied his works. They find a love for Sufism in Khomeinis oeuvre and they report that he released an order not to attack the Sufis and let them live quietly in their corners. He even seems to have been related to a Sufi stream from India from where his father emigrated. Although criticism to people who have a superficial understanding of Sufism and call themselves Sufis can be found in his poetries as well.

Sufism and the ideology of the hardliners are antagonistic. Sufism propagates tolerance and peace and development whereas the hardliners insist on violence and bloodshed and absolute following behind a leader and is rather a fascist interpretation of Islam.

During his reign a stream of revolutionary forces grew behind the scenes. Some experts claim those same people were behind the occupation of the US embassy in the early times of the revolution and today they are powerful members of the deep state. They were students of Ahmad Fardid[8] who taught the ideology of the day after tomorrow. Khomeini rejected Ahmad Fardid. Fardid managed nevertheless to plant the seed of his ideology in the hearts of some students. In principle this ideology says that we live in an absolutely decadent time, which is approaching its end and by active destruction of this time and society the glorious day after tomorrow will follow. His followers nowadays are members of the think tank Ammariyon which is headed by Mehdi Taeb. They can be called the merchants of destruction. They deal with annihilation.

"The particularity of Fardid's worldview is his complete rejection of history and philosophy. He deplored the loss of metaphysics since the philosophy of Aristotle and the Greeks. He regarded Islamic philosophy only as a branch of this development. He longed for the new society of metaphysical humans where the true light of the genuine God would shine. His slogan for this ideology was "from the day before yesterday to the day of after tomorrow". The present time didn't have any meaning and any importance in his view, since the philosophy of the occidental Greeks is comparable to the sunset. The God of the present time in his view was a satanic replacement of the true God. The God of the present time was not a good God, but a powerful God. He used the word of Ta'arut (Anti-God). This replacement took place with the occidentelisation of history, a history without light.

Fardid was longing for the new dawn of the rising sun. So in his eyes, history would in fact restart after the rise of a charismatic guide. The only way to a new society for him was the total destruction of the western world and any trace of the Western world in the East, tabula rasa. The duty of modern man of present times would be to finish the time of dark history by the way of a revolution that breaks down everything and prepares the ground for a newcomer who is a man with farreh = Charisma. The coming of this Saviour would restart a splendid history. The Saviour was the only possible way to put an end to decadence. Concerning his views on the future society he endorsed Sheik Mahmud Shabestary and Ibn Arabi, and called for a sort of Pantheism. The world of the day after tomorrow would be the world of the names. It is not the world of illusions but the world of the real things.

Each being is a prison of existence, Fardid derived this from the word "estgh"=being. He derived from Ibn Arabi and Heidegger a similar idea of an evolution towards unity of things and beings. He believed that, in our dark times, it is not possible to see the names of God.

Not only that Fardid favoured a way of confrontation to reach the new society, he severely blamed Freemasonry, Imperialism and Zionism for being responsible for the current situation. He believed that these powers are blocking the new society, and are a synonym for the western society in general."

[1] It is charged with interpreting Irans constitution, supervising elections of, and approving of candidates to, the Assembly of Experts, the President and the Parliament (Majlis). It should ensure the compatibility of the legislation passed by the Islamic Consultative Assembly with the criteria of Islam and the Constitution.

[2] Newspaper belongs to Zarkhani, a hardline member of the Majles (Iranian Parliament).

[3] Newspaper of the Bassidji security and information services.

[4] Newspaper of Pasdaran security and information services.

[5] The concept of the Hidden Imam according to the Armaggedonist stream:


[7] Not to be mixed up with the URD, University of Religions & Denominations

[8] Inventor of the term gharbzadegi - Westoxication or Occidentosis, which was picked up later by Jalal Al-e Ahmad.